Montessori materials are divided into five categories, with the aim to enable a child to solve a problem independently by attempts and control of error:
- Practical– e.g. objects to set the table, to clean, to water plants etc. The exercises with this material develop hygiene habits, the right way to use utensils; they develop care of others as well as independency, responsible use of freedom and self – confidence.
- Sensorial – material to motivate so-called “absorbing mind” which adopts every single thing taken from the environment through the senses.
- Language – with the aim to encourage speech and to enlarge vocabulary. What is practiced as well is precision, fine motor skills, voluntary movement control and many other abilities related to speech.
- Mathematics – child is motivated to take abstract terms in a concrete way in order to be capable of dealing with more complicated mathematic operations in the future.
- Science – based on natural sciences to get the child well introduced to the world where he lives.